Publications

3R (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) Initiatives: Solving Plastic Solution at Source in Petaling Jaya

Date: August 2021

Language: English

The case study shows how a local level government promotes waste separation at source through a combination of property tax incentives and a public-private partnership focused largely on recycling. The role both the government and the private sector plays to formalize the recycling collection and increase the recycling rate in urban areas is enhanced by a uniquely workable assessment tax rebate scheme.
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Waste Segregation at Source: Solving Plastic Pollution in Penang

Date: August 2021

Language: English

With a Planting Green Community (PGC) Model to improve circular economy practices in a suburban neighbourhood and a semi-rural village in Penang, this case study reveals how the ‘carrot and stick’ approach by the state government is necessary to change consumption behaviour, why the importance of market enablers for recycled plastics must be established in order to encourage recycled plastic products, and how the application of effective strategies can only be built when the gap between state, market (i.e. private sectors) and civil society is bridged.
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TACKLING PLASTIC POLLUTION: Legislative Guide for the Regulation of Single-Use Plastic Products

Date: December 2020

Language: English

The Legislative Guide for the Regulation of Single Use Plastics provides guidance on how to develop legislation on single-use plastic products, outlines the main regulatory alternatives, and suggests the key elements that each should include. It also provides guidance on the writing of clear and comprehensive laws and suggests key policy and drafting considerations
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Waste to Energy in the Age of the Circular Economy: Best Practice Handbook

Date: December 2020

Language: English

It discusses current technologies, presents a conceptual example of municipal solid waste planning, and provides commentary on waste-to-energy initiatives. The importance of appropriate infrastructure as well as flexibility and openness to technologies and business models is emphasized. The handbook—and its complementary compendium of 18 projects—aim to support the efforts of developing countries in Asia and the Pacific to deploy and scale up technologies relevant to the circular economy.
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Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) Scheme Assessment for Plastic Packaging Waste in the Philippines

Date: October 2020

Language: English

World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) Philippines releases a report entitled “Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) Scheme Assessment for Plastic Packaging Waste in the Philippines”. This report, undertaken with cyclos GmbH and AMH Philippines Inc, highlights EPR as a critical and effective policy tool in holding manufacturers accountable for the end-of-life impacts of their plastic products and packaging. EPR as a policy instrument also encourages adoption of holistic eco-design among the business sector. The proposed EPR scheme has been based on the findings of the first Material Flow Analysis of plastic packaging waste in the Philippines.

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THE BUSINESS CASE FOR A UN TREATY ON PLASTIC POLLUTION

Date: October 2020

Language: English

 A new report from WWF, Ellen MacArthur Foundation and Boston Consulting Group finds that a new international treaty on plastic pollution would benefit both the environment and businesses, and accelerate global efforts to tackle plastic pollution.

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Microplastic Pollution in Deep-Sea Sediments From the Great Australian Bight

Date: October 2020

Language: English

CSIRO, Australia's national science agency, has provided the first ever global estimate for microplastics on the seafloor, with results suggesting there are 14 million tonnes in the deep ocean.

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Study on EPR Scheme Assessment for Packaging Waste in Malaysia

Date: September 2020

Language: English

To address the need for a proper plastic waste management system, WWF released a report entitled “Study on EPR Scheme Assessment for Packaging Waste in Malaysia”. In the report, WWF identifies the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) scheme as a critical and effective policy tool in holding manufacturers accountable for the end-of-life impacts of their plastic products and packaging. EPR as a policy instrument also encourages adoption of holistic eco-design among the business sector.

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Recommendations for the Tourism Sector to Continue Taking Action on Plastic Pollution During COVID-19 Recovery

Date: September 2020

Language: English

The recommendations are addressed to tourism stakeholders with the aim of supporting them to continue fighting plastic pollution during the COVID-19 recovery. This document illustrates how reducing the plastic footprint, increasing the engagement of suppliers, working closer with waste service providers, and ensuring transparency on the actions taken, can significantly contribute to a responsible recovery of the tourism sector. The document builds on the key concepts underlying the common vision for a circular economy for plastic, the One Planet Vision for a Responsible Recovery of the Tourism Sector and the latest available guidance from the World Health Organizations (WHO), World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), UN Environment Programme (UNEP), Ellen MacArthur Foundation, and leading business associations. These recommendations should be seen as complementary to national and local regulations.

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Talking Trash: The corporate playbook of false solutions to the plastic crisis

Date: September 2020

Language: English

This report investigates industry tactics in the face of an unprecedented plastic pollution crisis and growing public pressure to address it. Based on research and investigations in over 15 countries across five continents, it reveals how – behind the veil of nice-sounding initiatives and commitments – the industry has obstructed and undermined proven legislative solutions for decades.

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UNEP’s Foresight Brief Issue 18 – Unveiling plastic pollution in oceans

Date: September 2020

Language: English

The 18th edition of UNEP’s Foresight Brief, Unveiling plastic pollution in oceans, gives options for accelerating progress on SDG 14, Life Below Water. It highlights the global concern on plastic litter and microplastics in the ocean and calls a comprehensive long-term monitoring and assessment programme. This Brief was prepared based on the findings of the report entitled ‘Guidelines for the monitoring and assessment of plastic litter and microplastics in the ocean’ published by the Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (GESAMP).

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Safeguarding the Plastic Recycling Value Chain: Insights from COVID-19 impact in South and Southeast Asia

Date: August 2020

Language: English

Based on more than 100 interviews, this GA Circular study commissioned by Circulate Capital highlights six key COVID-19 impacts to the recycling value chain in India, Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand and the Philippines, along with a three-phase plan to prevent lasting damage to the sector, protect the environment and local communities’ livelihoods.

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INTERPOL Strategic Analysis Report: Emerging criminal trends in the global plastic waste market since January 2018

Date: August 2020

Language: English

A new INTERPOL strategic report on global plastic waste management has found an alarming increase in illegal plastic pollution trade across the world since 2018.

The report, entitled INTERPOL’s strategical analysis on emerging criminal trends in the global plastic waste market since January 2018, indicates that there has been a considerable increase over the past two years in illegal waste shipments, primarily rerouted to South-East Asia via multiple transit countries to camouflage the origin of the waste shipment.

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HUMAN RIGHTS, THE ENVIRONMENT AND COVID-19

Date: August 2020

Language: English

The COVID-19 crisis reveals a clear truth about catastrophic risk in an increasingly globalized world: an effective response requires immediate, ambitious and evidence-based preventive action at the international level. To avert future global threats, including pandemics, we must protect rights to a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment upon which we all depend for our health and wellbeing. A human rights-based approach to the COVID-19 crisis is also needed to address its unequal impacts on the poor, vulnerable and marginalized and its underlying drivers, including environmental degradation. The following key messages on human rights, the environment and COVID-19 highlight essential human rights obligations and responsibilities of States and others, including businesses, in addressing and responding to the COVID-19 crisis.

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Breaking the Plastic Wave: A Comprehensive Assessment of Pathways Towards Stopping Ocean Plastic Pollution

Date: August 2020

Language: English

The Pew Charitable Trusts and SYSTEMIQ released Breaking the Plastic Wave, which shows that plastic pollution is rapidly outpacing efforts to stop it, and confirms that the vision of a circular economy for plastic is the only way to address the crisis at the source

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New Plastics Economy: a Vision of a Circular Economy for Plastic

Date: August 2020

Language: English

The New Plastics Economy is a vision of a circular economy for plastic, where plastic never becomes waste. It offers a root cause solution to plastic pollution with profound economic, environmental, and societal benefits.

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STATUS OF RESEARCH, LEGAL AND POLICY EFFORTS ON MARINE PLASTICS IN ASEAN +3: A GAP ANALYSIS AT THE INTERFACE OF SCIENCE, LAW AND POLICY

Date: August 2020

Language: English

The study of nearly 400 scientific publications on marine plastic pollution in South East and East Asia shows that while a substantial amount of research on plastic pollution already exists, significant gaps remain that may limit evidence-based decision making. The amount and depth of research varies greatly across countries and a wide variation in methodologies limits collaborative action, data integration and the establishment of regional baselines. Understanding of impacts of plastics and contaminants on the marine environment, of social perceptions and behaviour change, of issues related to plastic behaviour, transport, transformation and fragmentation, and of sea-based sources of pollution remains limited.

The review was developed by an interdisciplinary research team at NUS led by the Centre for International Law, with support from COBSEA under the UNEP-COBSEA regional marine litter project SEA circular and support by the Singapore Maritime Institute.

The online inventory is available online at: https://cutt.ly/MLdatabase

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Waste Management during the COVID-19 Pandemic: from response to recovery

Date: August 2020

Language: English

A new publication - Waste Management during the COVID-19 Pandemic: from response to recovery - reviews current practices for managing waste from healthcare facilities, households and quarantine locations accommodating people with confirmed or suspected cases of COVID-19. Jointly produced by UNEP International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC) and the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, the report considers various approaches, identifies best practices and technologies, and provides recommendations for policy-makers and practitioners to improve waste management, over the long term.

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National Guidance for Plastic Pollution Hotspotting and Shaping Action

Date: August 2020

Language: English

The attention on plastic pollution has intensified in recent years among national governments and the global community. The ‘National Guidance for Plastic Pollution Hotspotting and Shaping Action’ (hereinafter referred to as ‘the Guidance’) aims to provide a structure for the methods of identifying plastic leakage ‘hotspots’, finding their impacts along the entire plastic value chain, and then prioritising actions once these hotspots are identified. The Guidance sprung from our desire to address the challenge to define an effective strategy to address plastic pollution, in a systemic way. It is aimed at enabling countries, regions, or cities to take and use this structure, or framework, in their own environments

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