Viet Nam

Viet Nam is the fourth largest contributor to marine plastic pollution globally. Increased domestic consumption coupled with higher growth of manufacturing and service sector has led to higher waste generation.

Causes and challenges

There is extensive leakage of plastic waste into water and waste water, ultimately leading to marine litter and plastic pollution. This is due to uncollected waste and the current waste collection, transportation and disposal practices. Viet Nam accounts for 0.28 – 0.73 million tonnes per year of marine plastic leakage. The main sources of plastic marine debris consist of widely used plastic products and mismanaged municipal solid waste.Ha Long bay is a prominent natural heritage site, and Cat Ba is a world biosphere reserve. Both these areas have unique marine ecosystems which are extensively impacted by plastic pollution.

Waste generation starts from the point of consumption and extends to its collectionand disposal.The total estimated municipal solid waste (MSW) generation in Viet Nam is about 19 million tonnes per year (2015). The average waste generated per capita is about 1.20 kg/person/day. The unmanaged plastic waste component of MSW during its collection, transportation & disposal gets leaked into the ocean.

Ways forward

Viet Nam has basic policies, strategies and action plans – including an environmental regulatory framework – to address requirements for waste management. Viet Nam intends to pursue waste reduction and waste minimization, leading to “Zero Waste”. There are plans to increase recycling rates, promote resource efficiency and green the supply chain. Viet Nam has committed to address marine litter and plastic pollution and achieve SDG 14, target 14.1. As part of this commitment, Viet Nam has participated in the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio +20) and other multilateral and intergovernmental fora on the protection of marine environment, and the prevention and reduction of marine debris.

Opportunities for further action include: Enhancing financial resources and technical capacities for sustainable solid waste management; translating national waste management targets into strategies and action plans; designing and implementing a specific packaging waste directive or law, and; applying Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) for packaging waste.

News

First Alliance to End Plastic Waste forum held in South East Asia

28 August 2019

Global companies from across the value chain, including plastic manufacturers, held the first Alliance to End Plastic Waste (AEPW) forum in SEA.

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PRO Viet Nam launches to stem the flow of plastic waste into the ocean

21 August 2019

Nine leading companies in the consumer goods and packaging industries joined hands to launch the coalition Packaging Recycling Organization Việt Nam (PRO Việt Nam) in Ho Chi Minh City.

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Action plan on marine litter is agreed for South East Asia

28 June 2019

Efforts to combat marine litter in South East Asia have been given a boost by the adoption of East Asian Seas Regional Action Plan on Marine Litter.

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Events

SEA of Solutions 2019 – Partnership week for marine plastic pollution prevention

11-14 November 2019

SEA of Solutions 2019 is bringing together governments, business leaders, scientists, UN agencies and community groups, to dialogue on solutions for marine plastic pollution.

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Twenty-fourth Intergovernmental Meeting of the Coordinating Body on the Seas of East Asia (COBSEA)

19 - 20 June 2019

The 24th Intergovernmental Meeting of the COBSEA was held in June 2019, back to back with the meeting of the COBSEA Working Group on Marine Litter.

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